Appendix:Definite nouns

From Bendict
Jump to navigation Jump to search

They are two forms to indicate that a noun is known (i.e. definite): by adding a definite article (y) or by inflecting the word.

Inflection[edit]

Noun's ending Suffix Examples Examples in plural
-consonant -e omrod - omrode
hál - hále
omrodes
berkes
-vowel (a, i, o, u, y) -e imy - ime
lipsa - lipse
imes
lipses
-e -n eleje - elejen celens
feminine -a -n paréna - parénan parénans
Greek -i -e biologi - biologie N/A
-ie -ia grozanie - grozania grozanias

If the noun is plural, the singular form is inflected and then the -s suffix is added.

Feminine -a[edit]

This term does refers to the -a that is added to commonly masculine nouns to make them feminine. In these cases, the general rule for nouns with a vowel ending does not apply. Note that this does not happen with words that refer to female entities, such as šena (woman). The definite form of šena is šene, and not šenan, since there is no masculine root for this term.

Greek -i[edit]

When the term in question has a Greek etymology and ends in -i, the defined form will have the ending -ie, and not -e. For example, all words with the Greek suffix -λογία (-logía), in Bengenese will be written -logie in the definite form.