Appendix:Hyphenation

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See also: Appendix:Pronunciation.

In Bengenese, hyphenation refers to the separation of words into written syllables. The syllables depend on the orthography of the word rather than its phonetics, although very often the hyphenation and the IPA transcription match.

Syllable structure[edit]

The syllable structure in Bengenese is as following:

(C)3V2(C)2

V stands for vowel(s), which is the nucleus of a syllable and it is mandatory so the group of letters is considered a syllable. Before the vowel(s), there can be up to three consonants (C) and after the vowel(s), up to two consonants.

In Bengenese, the stressed syllable corresponds to the penultimate one always with few exceptions.

If there is a vowel at the beginning of a word and then a consonant and then another vowel (i.e V(C)V), the first vowel always splits the syllable. For example, obajir → o·ba·jir, efeben → e·fe·ben, adelig → a·de·lig.

Examples[edit]

(C)1V (C)2V (C)3V2 V(C)1 V(C)2
lydelse promenir stroi etiket alokening

Diphthongs[edit]

A diphthong is a group of two vowels that are together in one syllable. They must be always a weak vowel and a strong vowel.

  • Strong vowels: a, e, o
  • Weak vowels: i, u, y

The original diphthongs in Bengenese are ai, ei, oi, ei and ia, this means that they don't split a syllable, but stay together. For example koroi → ko·roi (not ko·ro·i), unteil → un·teil (not un·te·il). The diphthong io is also present in some Bengenese words, although they are all loanwords from Latin.

Double consonants[edit]

Although double consonants are considered as one single sound phonetically, orthographically they are split into two syllables. For example, the word dónnet is realised as [ˈdønːet], and should be hyphenated as dón·net. Note that the stressed syllable is not marked in hyphenation, nonetheless it could be by means of making the stressed syllable bold.